What Causes Cracks In Corner of Mouth

What is Cracks in Corner of Mouth or Angular Cheilitis?

There are different terms used for describing cracked corner of mouth such as Angular stomatitis, Cheilitis, chapped lips and perleche. The famous and common word used for this skin condition is Angular Cheilitis. This skin issue in its inception is a small sore. After this beginning stage it then changes into dry, red and chapped lesions. Angular stomatitis can affect the sufferer’ one or both corner of mouth. This skin issue comes into existence because of the following bodies;

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  • Bacteria (Staphylococcal)
  • Fungus (Candida Albicans)
  • Any kind of trauma of the mouth

This skin issue is not gender and age specific. But it can affect people in old age and infant mostly because of their weak immune system. This skin condition which affects corner of mouth not spread to other areas but if it is left untreated then it can spread to other areas as well.

What Causes Cracks In Corner of Mouth

Causes of Cracked Corners of Mouth

Weak Immune System:-

People with weak immune system are mostly affected by this skin condition. For healing and protecting yourself from this disease it is important to strengthen your immune system. The main cause of weak immune system is the deficiency of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is crucial for strong immune. So protecting your mouth from this issue it is important to enrich your food with vitamin B12.

Iron Deficiency:-

Iron is another important element for making your immune system strong. In case your body is iron deficient, your immune system will become weaker and you can easily become a victim of angular cheilitis. So for keeping your immune strong enough to fight well this disease check your body iron level, in case you are iron deficient, discuss it with your physician. The best way to improve your blood iron level is include in your food iron rich items.

Badly Fitted Braces or Dentures

Poorly fitted dentures are another common reason of cracked corner of mouth. If you have them then it is important to take care of them, keep them clean and disinfected. If they are unclean then they will provide a breeding space for different kinds of fungus and bacteria which can then cause angular cheilitis.

Other Causes Include;

  • Allergy to some condition such as lipstick allergy
  • Living in allergic environment or adverse weather
  • Drooling
  • People who are deficient with
    • Folate
    • Iron
    • Zinc
    • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
    • B6 (pyridoxine)
    • B3 (niacin)
    • And B12 (cyanocobalamine)
  • Psoriasis Patient
  • Acne Sufferers
  • HIV Patients
  • Diabetes Patients
  • Licking of Lips
  • IBD ( Inflammatory Bowels Disease), Ulcerative Colitis
  • Corners of the mouth are moist for prolonged periods of time because of
    • Excessive saliva
    • Crooked Teeth
    • Smoking
    • licking the lips a lot
    • poorly fitted braces or dentures
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